30 outubro 2008
29 outubro 2008
24 outubro 2008
Crónica do jornalista português João Gobern, emitida na Antena 1, no dia 6 de Outubro de 2008, à volta do chamado "tecnocratês" em circuito fechado, de muitas sílabas e ao ritmo do império linguístico anglo-americano.
Há algum tempo, a braços com uma tarefa profissional que aceitei de boa-fé e em que acabei a maldizer a minha sorte, recebi uma mensagem electrónica que começava assim: «Relativamente às nossas necessidades, houve efectivamente uma evolução no desenvolvimento de projecto, sendo que vamos reavaliar e colocar à sua ponderação.» Tentarão os menos avisados adivinhar em que altas cavalarias andaria eu metido para suscitar uma resposta de tal quilate. Lamento desiludir os que em mim depositaram tais expectativas.
Deixem-me que explique: na fase final desse trabalho, eu tinha apenas perguntado em concreto o que ainda esperavam de mim para concluir a colaboração, qual o prazo que estava destinado, alertando para a dificuldade de me deslocar para longínquas terras e estranhando que me estivessem, nesta etapa derradeira, a acrescentar responsabilidades não acordadas. Relembro a resposta, que é um mimo: «Relativamente às nossas necessidades, houve efectivamente uma evolução no desenvolvimento de projecto, sendo que vamos reavaliar e colocar à sua ponderação.» O que é que isto quer dizer? Basicamente nada. Mas, para mal dos nossos pecados, este mimo é um exemplo rigoroso da linguagem oca, tão corrente nos nossos dias.
Lembrei-me de um livro lapidar, em que o assunto também é abordado — chama-se Bonjour Paresse, foi escrito em tom provocador pela francesa Corinne Maier e, infelizmente, não tem tradução. Em tom de brincadeira, a autora aborda muito a sério o léxico que parece fazer escola nas empresas e repartições dominadas pelas teorias da Nova Empresa, bastante pior do que a velha, mas muito mais camuflada. Assim, constata que "inicializar" substituiu começar, da mesma forma que "finalizar" rendeu o obsoleto acabar. Que a empresa não se coloca — "posiciona-se". Que parece haver prémios para as palavras terminadas em ência: competência, experiência, eficiência, coerência, excelência. Corrijo: algumas palavras deste grupo, já que sobrevivência não faz parte dos termos utilizados. Que a empresa declina. Que a empresa soluciona. Que a empresa prioriza. Que a empresa agiliza. Que a empresa implementa. Que a empresa, evidentemente, internacionaliza-se quando o seu funcionário proclama, a plenos pulmões: «Estou a fazer o "follow-up" do projecto de "merging" e a "checkar" o "downsizing". Mas todos os "charts" constam do "reporting" enviado, do qual aguardo "feedback".»
Dá vontade rir? Claro, mas é um drama. Tratar bem a língua não implica estender as palavras por muitas sílabas, montar um discurso de circuito fechado, abrir as fronteiras ao império linguístico anglo-americano. Mas, sobretudo, não implica este vazio, de pompa e circunstância, no significado ou na falta dele. A epidemia alastra: no meu tempo, os alunos chumbavam. Hoje, são sujeitos a retenção. Mas não muito, que é preciso optimizar os índices do sucesso escolar, que têm pouco que ver com o saber alguma coisinha. Até no futebol, santo Deus, para admitir que fomos esmagados pelo adversário se ouve dizer que «devemos procurar realidades mais consentâneas com as nossas possibilidades».
21 outubro 2008
18 outubro 2008
14 outubro 2008
where I found it
(check the Architecture roll on the left):
05 outubro 2008
(...) When a child's birthday comes around, not only do the various sets of parents turn up for the party, the various sets of grandparents - and whole longboats of uncles and aunts - come too. Iceland, lodged in the middle of the North Atlantic with Greenland as its nearest neighbour, was too far from the remit of any but the more zealously obstinate of the medieval Christian missionaries. It is a largely pagan country, as the natives like to see it, unburdened by the taboos that generate so much distress elsewhere. That means they are practical people.
(...) It is considered stupid here to wait till 38 to have a child. We think it's healthy to have lots of kids. All babies are welcome.'
All the more so because if you are in a job the state gives you nine months on fully paid child leave, to be split among the mother and the father as they so please. 'This means that employers know a man they hire is just as likely as a woman to take time off to look after a baby,' explained Svafa Grönfeldt, currently rector of Reykjavik University, previously a very high-powered executive. 'Paternity leave is the thing that made the difference for women's equality in this country.'
(...) When I was talking to Svafa about the better influences from the rest of the world that Iceland seemed to have wisely plucked, or just happened to have, we mentioned, as the prime minister had done, the humaneness of Scandinavia and the drive of the United States. We also discussed how the Icelanders - who have excellent restaurants these days and whose stamina for late night partying must come from the Viking DNA - seemed to have much of southern Europe's savoir vivre. Then I put it to her that there was an African quality to Iceland that the rest of Europe lacked. This was to be found in the 'patchwork' family structures Oddny had spoken of. The sense that, no matter whether the father lived in the same home or the mother was away working, the children belonged to, and were seen to belong by, the extended family, the village. Svafa liked that. 'Yes!' the pale-skinned power executive exclaimed, in delighted recognition. 'We are Africans, too!'
For Robert Philen
You are like me, you will die too, but not today:
you, incommensurate, therefore the hours shine:
if I say to you “To you I say,” you have not been
set to music, or broadcast live on the ghost
radio, may never be an oil painting or
Old Master’s charcoal sketch: you are
a concordance of person, number, voice,
and place, strawberries spread through your name
as if it were budding shrubs, how you remind me
of some spring, the waters as cool and clear
(late rain clings to your leaves, shaken by light wind),
which is where you occur in grassy moonlight:
and you are a lily, an aster, white trillium
or viburnum, by all rights mine, white star
in the meadow sky, the snow still arriving
from its earthwards journeys, here where there is
no snow (I dreamed the snow was you,
when there was snow), you are my right,
have come to be my night (your body takes on
the dimensions of sleep, the shape of sleep
becomes you): and you fall from the sky
with several flowers, words spill from your mouth
in waves, your lips taste like the sea, salt-sweet (trees
and seas have flown away, I call it
loving you): home is nowhere, therefore you,
a kind of dwell and welcome, song after all,
and free of any eden we can name
03 outubro 2008
02 outubro 2008
As in, "Tarquin, I know the minimalist look is right up your street, but don't you think the room looks a little spartan with the actual floorboards removed?"
Simple, severe, lacking in comfort: that does in fact pretty much sum up what we know about the life of the Spartans. Despite its position as a Greek military superpower, the place had none of the kind of impressive architecture that would have overwhelmed the eye of a fifth-century visitor to Athens. Famously, Sparta also lacked walls or fortifications (it demonstrated that the inhabitants were such butch soldiers they didn't need nancy-boy walls to keep them safe). But being "Spartan" also meant adhering to a system of iron discipline, with boys taken out of their families for military training at the age of seven and, uniquely for ancient Greece, girls also given an education and athletic training - the better, presumably, to give birth to warrior sons. This was the background that produced the toughies who, vastly outnumbered, held off the Persians at Thermopylae, until all 300 were slaughtered. Dedication, bravery and suicidal bloodymindedness are thus also Spartan virtues.
As in, "Darling, I know being a teenage boy is all about communicating in grunts, but if you could descend from your laconic monosyllables occasionally, I'd be terribly grateful."
Laconia was the region of the Peloponnese that Sparta controlled; "laconic" refers to another Spartan quality: a severe, economic, and sometimes dryly witty way with words.
As in, "Don't worry, Henry, the animal care comes under the aegis of the National Donkey Protection League, which I am sure has impeccable standards."
Frankly, the aegis - a symbol of divine power - has always struck me as one of the weirdest things about the Greek gods. I can do no better than quote the Oxford Classical Dictionary, which describes it as an "all-round bib with scales, fringed with snakes' heads and normally decorated with the gorgoneion". (Gorgoneion being classicist-speak for the head of the Gorgon Medusa.) The aegis, the entry helpfully adds, may sometimes be tasselled. I have also heard it described as looking like a sporran.
As in, "Brenda has marvellous talents as a thespian, you know. You should see her Lady Bracknell."
Thespis was the man who, according to Aristotle, "invented" Greek drama, adding a prologue and speech to what had previously been a choral performance.
As in, "Cleaning the bathroom and kitchen floors, Muriel, seems to me to be a labour of Herculean proportions."
Hercules is the Romanised name of Heracles, the greatest of all heroes, and one of the few mortals to attain the status of a god. The labours, set him by Eurystheus, king of Argos, were 12 in number. Heracles had something of a problem with madness and mass murder: the labours were done to expiate the killing of his wife Megara and their children, which he committed in a bout of insanity visited on him by the goddess Hera. Another story has him killing the father and brothers of his girlfriend Iole. To purify himself, he worked for the queen of Lydia, Omphale, for three years. The twist was that he had to do this as a woman - spinning and weaving, in drag, a scene vividly depicted on a Roman well-head in the Townley Collection of Roman antiquities in the basement of the British Museum.
As in, "I've just caught a tantalising glimpse of Frank's homemade apricot ice cream and I can't wait to taste it."
From Tantalus, one of the very first generations of mortals. Invited by the gods to dine on Mount Olympus, he decided to kill, cook and serve up his son Pelops to see whether his hosts would detect the forbidden food (as you do). Demeter, distracted by her grief for her daughter Persephone, was the only immortal who tucked in, polishing off a shoulder. The gods reconstructed Pelops and brought him back to life, with a prosthetic shoulder made from ivory. Tantalus's eternal punishment in the Underworld was to stand in a pool that drained away when he tried to drink from it and beneath branches groaning with fruit that drew away when he reached for them. A tantalus is also a lockable stand for a set of decanters. You can see the booze, but you can't get at it without the key ...
As in, "I'm heading for a colossal overdraft. Drinks on you, I'm afraid."
From the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the seven ancient wonders of the world. In 305 BC, Rhodes was attacked by the Macedonian Demetrius Poliorcetes and successfully saw off a year-long siege. Demetrius abandoned his siege equipment on the island, and the grateful Rhodians used the proceeds from the sale of all that to erect a 33m statue to their patron, Helios, the sun god. However, it stood for only 56 years; an earthquake in about 226 BC undermined the statue at the knee. Even in ruins it still excited visitors, such as the Roman writer Pliny, who noted that its thumb was too big for most men to be able to clasp in their arms, and that its very fingers were bigger than most ordinary statues. The Statue of Liberty is inspired by the Colossus of Rhodes.
As in, "Miss, don't you think punishing smoking with a public flogging is a bit draconian?"
Draco, by tradition, set down the first Athenian law code in 621 or 620 BC, the first time the city's laws had been put in writing and displayed in public. Evidence is thin as to what these laws comprised: but according to tradition, it was the death penalty for pretty much everything. One Athenian in the fourth century quipped that Draco wrote his laws in blood rather than ink. "Draconian" is always a negative word in English, but you could argue that setting forth a state's laws in public for the first time was, in its way, a reforming measure ... though Draco's code was itself reformed soon enough, in 594/3 BC by Solon, who repealed everything except the law on homicide.
The boy's name Draco, for understandable reasons, has failed to take off: though it was famously pulled into service by JK Rowling for one of her most memorable baddies, the sinister Draco Malfoy. This is not surprising, given that JK studied classics and French at Exeter University and is rumoured to have based Dumbledore on the splendidly bearded Peter Wiseman, Exeter's classics professor emeritus.
As in, "I should think you'll be completely ostracised from the golf club, Derek, if you go anywhere near it in those trousers."
Ostracism was a method by which, through the Athenian democratic reforms introduced by Cleisthenes in 508 or 507 BC, a citizen could be exiled for 10 years after a majority vote in the assembly. The name of the chosen man was written on a shard of pottery, an ostrakon. Nearly 200 ostraka have been found in an Athenian well, with the name Themistocles written on them in a very few hands. Presumably he was at the receiving end of a carefully orchestrated campaign.
As in "What's on at the Odeon? I quite fancy catching 300 again there. Nothing I like better than a pumped-up Spartan wearing leather knickers."
The notable cinema chain is named, ultimately, for one of the great buildings on the slopes of the Acropolis, the odeion, or music hall (and in fact, there were odeia in other Greek cities, too). The Athenian odeion was a square hall with pillars supposedly made from the masts of Persian ships taken at the battle of Salamis in the Persian wars. Men and boys' choral competitions, part of the festival called the City Dionysia, were held there, as well as previews of the main tragic plays. Popcorn was not served.
As in, "Ivy says she can't bear to go shopping on a Saturday. The town centre is just too full of hoi polloi, apparently."
Hoi polloi is Greek for "the many", meaning the ordinary people. Used with more than a soupçon of snobbery in English. To say "the hoi polloi", incidentally, is strictly speaking a gaffe, since it means "the the many" as hoi is the definite article.
As in, "Susie's relationship with David is purely platonic, you realise."
The sort of admiring, passionate but asexual regard for young men that Socrates engaged in. Alcibiades slept one night under a cloak with Socrates, according to Plato - but, he said, it was just like sleeping with a brother or a father. Socrates just wasn't interested in going all the way. You could see this as a metaphor for his pursuit of knowledge: it's about the quest, not the consummation.
As in, "I'm fed up with you lot being cynical grouches. Let's bring in a bit of joy, people!"
A philosophical school, or, more accurately, way of life, practised from the fourth century BC. Diogenes, who supposedly lived in a barrel, was the most famous Cynic - the word probably derives from the Greek for dog, so cynicism means "doggishness". It seems that adherents tried to live in accordance with nature, seeing animals as exemplars of anxiety-free living, and eschewing ambition, power, material possessions, even education. Diogenes once famously masturbated in the street. Our word "cynical" thus takes a bit of leap from its ancient origins.
As in, "Martha has been tremendously stoical since her house burned down and she lost her job."
Stoicism, founded in the fourth century BC by Zeno of Citium, was an extremely significant philosophical school. Empiricism and materialism were key features; in the realm of ethics, freeing oneself from emotion and living in accordance with human nature (which for Stoics was indivisible from human reason), was of great importance. Virtue, argued Stoics, was sufficient for happiness.
As in, "The government claims it's going to have London ready for the 2012 Olympics, but frankly, I'm sceptical."
"Sceptic" was a label introduced in the first century BC to describe the position of philosophers who held no doctrine and suspended judgment on, well, everything. Particularly lively debates ensued with the materialist Stoics
01 outubro 2008
- 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
- 911 - During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
- 959 - Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.
- 1189 - Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre.
- 1787 - Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
- 1791 - First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
- 1795 - Belgium is conquered by France.
- 1800 - Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
- 1811 - The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orléans, Louisiana.
- 1814 - Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring.
- 1827 - The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
- 1829 - South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; later to separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
- 1843 - News of the World began publication in London.
- 1847 - German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
- 1854 - The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
- 1869 - Austria issues the world's first postcards.
- 1880 - John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Corps Band.
- 1880 - First electric lamp factory opened by Thomas Edison.
- 1887 - Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
- 1890 - The Yosemite National Park and the Yellowstone National Park are established by the U.S. Congress.
- 1891 - In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
- 1894 - First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
- 1898 - Czar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
- 1898 - The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
- 1903 - Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
- 1905 - František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
- 1908 - Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.
- 1910 - Los Angeles Times bombing: A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building in downtown Los Angeles, California, killing 21.
- 1918 - World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a "Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus.
- 1920 - Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
- 1926 - An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.
- 1928 - The Soviet Union introduces its First Five-Year Plan.
- 1931 - The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.
- 1931 - The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.
- 1936 - Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
- 1938 - Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
- 1939 - After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
- 1940 - The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
- 1942 - USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru not knowing she was carrying British PoWs from Hong Kong
- 1942 - First flight of the Bell XP-59 "Aircomet".
- 1943 - World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.
- 1946 - Nazi leaders sentenced at Nuremberg Trials.
- 1946 - Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom.
- 1947 - The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
- 1949 - The People's Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong.
- 1957 - First appearance of "In God We Trust" on U.S. paper currency.
- 1958 - NASA created to replace NACA.
- 1960 - Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1961 - East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon.
- 1961 - Baseball: Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle of the New York Yankees engage in an epic battle to break Babe Ruth's single season home run record of 60 in 1927. Maris ends up hitting his 61st against the Boston Red Sox, passing Ruth
- 1964 - The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley.
- 1964 - Japanese Shinkansen ("bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
- 1965 - Apostasia of 1965, a political move in Greece designed to overthrow the Prime Minister, George Papandreou.
- 1965 - General Suharto crushes an attempted coup in Indonesia.
- 1966 - West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with eighteen fatal injuries and no survivors 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
- 1968 - The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
- 1969 - The Concorde supersonic transport plane breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
- 1971 - Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida, United States.
- 1975 - The Seychelles gain internal self-government. The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.
- 1975 - Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
- 1978 - Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1978 - The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
- 1979 - The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama canal to Panama.
- 1982 - Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a Constructive Vote of No Confidence.
- 1982 - EPCOT Center opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
- 1982 - Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).
- 1985 - The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters in Tunis.
- 1987 - The Whittier Narrows earthquake shook the San Gabriel Valley, registering as a magnitude 5.9.
- 1989 - Denmark: World's first legal modern same-sex civil union called "registered partnership"
- 1991 - New Zealand's Resource Management Act 1991 commences.
- 1994 - Palau gains independence from the United Nations trusteeship administered by the United States of America.
- 1998 - Vladimir Putin became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
- 2004 - Baseball: Seattle Mariners outfielder Ichiro Suzuki gets his 258th hit of the season, breaking George Sisler's 84-year-old single-season record.
- 2005 - Bombing kills 19 people in Bali.
- 2007 - Most of the Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006 came into force in the United Kingdom.
- 1207 - King Henry III of England (d. 1272)
- 1507 - Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (d. 1573)
- 1540 - Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1617)
- 1577 - Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint (d. 1622)
- 1620 - Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (d. 1683)
- 1644 - Alessandro Stradella, Italian composer (d. 1682)
- 1671 - Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (d. 1742)
- 1685 - Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1740)
- 1691 - Arthur Onslow, English politician (d. 1768)
- 1730 - Richard Stockton, American attorney, signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1781)
- 1760 - William Thomas Beckford, English writer and politician (d. 1844)
- 1771 - Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (d. 1842)
- 1791 - Sergei Aksakov, Russian writer (d. 1859)
- 1800 - Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish-born botanist and founder of Laestadianism (d. 1861)
- 1835 - Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (d. 1920)
- 1842 - Charles Cros, French poet and inventor (d. 1888)
- 1865 - Paul Dukas, French composer (d. 1935)
- 1881 - William Boeing, American engineer (d. 1956)
- 1885 - Louis Untermeyer, American author (d. 1977)
- 1878 - Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher and economist (d. 1950)
- 1890 - Stanley Holloway, British actor (d. 1982)
- 1893 - Cliff Friend, American songwriter (d. 1974)
- 1893 - Yip Man, Martial Arts Master d.(1972)
- 1896 - Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1951)
- 1896 - Ted Healy, American actor and comedian (d. 1937)
- 1899 - Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)
- 1900 - Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
- 1903 - Vladimir Horowitz, Ukrainian-American pianist (d. 1989)
- 1904 - Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-born physicist (d. 1979)
- 1904 - A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
- 1909 - Maurice Bardèche, French fascist, (d. 1998)
- 1909 - Sam Yorty, Mayor of Los Angeles (d. 1998)
- 1910 - Fritz Köberle, Austrian-born physician (d. 1983)
- 1910 - José Enrique Moyal, Australian mathematical physicist (d. 1998)
- 1910 - Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (d. 1934)
- 1914 - Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
- 1920 - Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000)
- 1921 - James Whitmore, American actor
- 1924 - Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- 1924 - William Rehnquist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 2005)
- 1925 - Bob Boyd, American baseball player (d. 2004)
- 1926 - Roger Williams, American pianist
- 1927 - Tom Bosley, American actor
- 1927 - Sandy Gall, Malaysian-born British journalist and newscaster
- 1928 - Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-born actor (d. 1973)
- 1928 - George Peppard, American actor (d. 1994)
- 1928 - Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (d. 1969)
- 1928 - Zhu Rongji, Chinese politician
- 1929 - Ken Arthurson, Australian rugby league identity
- 1930 - Frank Gardner, Australian racing driver
- 1930 - Sir Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
- 1930 - Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
- 1930 - Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
- 1931 - Sylvano Bussotti, Italian composer
- 1932 - Albert Collins, American guitarist (d. 1993)
- 1935 - Dame Julie Andrews, British actress and singer
- 1936 - Duncan Edwards, English footballer (d. 1958)
- 1936 - Stella Stevens, American actress
- 1939 - George Archer, American golfer (d. 2005)
- 1939 - Geoffrey Whitehead, English actor
- 1942 - Jean-Pierre Jabouille, French race car driver
- 1943 - Jean-Jacques Annaud, French film director
- 1943 - Angèle Arsenault, Canadian singer and songwriter
- 1943 - Jerry Martini, American saxophonist (Sly & the Family Stone)
- 1945 - Rod Carew, Panamanian-born baseball player
- 1945 - Donny Hathaway, American soul musician and composer (d. 1979)
- 1945 - Ellen McIlwaine, American singer/songwriter
- 1945 - Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)
- 1946 - Tim O'Brien, American writer
- 1947 - Aaron Ciechanover, Israeli biologist
- 1947 - Stephen Collins, American actor
- 1947 - Adriano Tilgher, Italian politician
- 1947 - Mariska Veres, Dutch singer (Shocking Blue) (d. 2006)
- 1948 - Cub Koda, American singer (Brownsville Station) (d. 2000)
- 1949 - Isaac Bonewits, American author
- 1950 - Randy Quaid, American actor
- 1950 - Jeane Manson, American singer and actress
- 1952 - Jacques Martin, Canadian ice hockey coach and executive
- 1953 - John Hegley, British poet
- 1953 - Pete Falcone, American baseball player
- 1953 - Grete Waitz, Norwegian athlete
- 1954 - Martin Strel, Slovenian swimmer
- 1955 - Duško Tadić, Bosnian Serb
- 1955 - Howard Hewett, R & B Singer
- 1956 - Theresa May, British politician
- 1957 - Stelios Mainas, Greek actor
- 1958 - Masato Nakamura, Japanese musician
- 1959 - Youssou N'Dour, Senegalese singer
- 1961 - Gary Ablett, Australian rules footballer
- 1961 - Robert Rey, Brazilian-American plastic surgeon and television personality
- 1961 - Rico Constantino, American professional wrestler
- 1962 - Esai Morales, American actor
- 1962 - Paul Walsh, English footballer
- 1963 - Jean-Denis Délétraz, Swiss race car driver
- 1963 - Mark McGwire, American baseball player
- 1964 - Harry Hill, British comedian
- 1964 - Max Matsuura, Japanese record producer
- 1964 - Jonathan Sarfati, Australian-born chess player, scientist, and author
- 1965 - Andreas Keller, German field hockey player
- 1965 - Cindy Margolis, American model and spokesmodel
- 1965 - Cliff Ronning, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1965 - Ted King, American Actor
- 1965 - Chris Reason, Australian journalist
- 1966 - Christopher Titus, American actor/comedian
- 1966 - George Weah, Liberian politician and footballer
- 1966 - Cuco Ziganda, Spanish footballer
- 1967 - Scott Young, American ice hockey player
- 1967 - Mike Pringle, American football player
- 1968 - Jon Guenther, American author
- 1968 - Rob Collard, British racing driver
- 1969 - Igor Ulanov, Russian hockey player
- MOI-MÊME ;)
- 1969 - Ori Kaplan, Israeli jazz musician
- 1970 - Gam Wu-seong, South Korean actor
- 1970 - Simon Davey, Barnsley football manager
- 1970 - Alexei Zhamnov, Russian ice hockey player
- 1971 - Andrew O'Keefe, Australian television personality
- 1971 - Song Il Gook, Korean actor
- 1971 - Gigi Lai, Hong Kong actress
- 1973 - Jana Henke, German swimmer
- 1973 - Rachid Chékhémani, French runner
- 1973 - John Thomson, American baseball player
- 1974 - Mats Lindgren, Swedish ice hockey player
- 1974 - Keith Duffy, Irish singer (Boyzone) and actor
- 1974 - Christian Borle, American actor
- 1975 - Chulpan Khamatova, Russian actress
- 1975 - Zoltán Sebescen, German footballer
- 1975 - Kim Suna, Korean actress
- 1976 - Antonio Roybal, American painter and sculptor
- 1976 - Denis Gauthier, Canadian hockey player
- 1976 - Dora Venter, Hungarian pornographic film actress
- 1976 - Ümit Karan, Turkish footballer
- 1977 - Jeffrey van Hooydonk, Belgian race car driver
- 1978 - Andrew JC Jackson, Australian surf lifesaver
- 1978 - Leticia Cline, American model and TV Personality
- 1979 - Cameron Bruce, Australian rules footballer
- 1979 - Rudi Johnson, American football player
- 1979 - Gilberto Martínez, Costa Rican footballer
- 1979 - Marko Stanojevic, English-born Italian rugby union footballer
- 1981 - Júlio Baptista, Brazilian footballer
- 1981 - Johnny Oduya, Swedish ice hockey player
- 1981 - Arnau Riera, Spanish footballer
- 1982 - Haruna Babangida, Nigerian footballer
- 1982 - Harry Lawrence, Bath born Entrepreneur
- 1982 - Sandra Oxenryd, Swedish singer
- 1983 - Mirko Vučinić, Montenegrin footballer
- 1984 - Matt Cain, American baseball player
- 1984 - Daniel Guillén, Spanish footballer
- 1985 - Ryo Miyamori, Japanese singer
- 1985 - Nazimuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi cricketer
- 1985 - Revazi Zintiridis, Greek judoka
- 1985 - Tim Deasy, English footballer
- 1986 - Jurnee Smollett, American actress
- 1986 - Sayaka, Japanese singer
- 1986 - Ricardo Vaz Té, Portuguese footballer
- 1987 - Hiroki Aiba, Japanese actor, singer
- 1988 - Cariba Heine, Australian actress
- 1989 - Brie Larson, American pop singer & actress
- 1990 - Charlie McDonnell, British YouTube Personality
Holidays and observances
- National Day of the People's Republic of China (1949)
- Republic of Cyprus - Independence Day (from Britain, 1960)
- Nigeria - Independence Day (from Britain, 1960)
- San Marino - two Captains Regent, elected by parliament, take office for six months.
- Tuvalu - Independence Day (from Gilbert Islands (Kiribati), 1975)
- French Republican Calendar - Cuve (Barrel) Day, tenth day in the Month of Vendémiaire
- World Vegetarian Day
- Singapore - Children's Day
- Armenia - Teachers' Day
- RC Church - Feast days of Saint Thérèse de Lisieux; formerly of Saint Bavo, Saint Remigius and the Blessed Edward James
- Also see October 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
- Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church - Patronage/Protection of the Theotokos (Virgin Mary, Mother of God) dating to 10th Century Constantinople, when she appeared holding her mantle over the faithful who were praying in a church during a military attack on the city. Second oldest Marian Feast in the Eastern Church.
- Abai (martyr) in the Syrian Church
- Abhai the general in the Syrian church
- International Day of Older Persons
how else could I post this
in a flash
at this late hour,
just for the sake of it? ;)